That NATO battle for alleged protection of human rights and liberties had a completely different objective: to break and disintegrate Yugoslavia by destroying its defense forces and at the same time bring down the government and break the will to resist in order to occupy the Southern Serbian province.

The aggression has been carried out supposedly on behalf of international community, but without the Resolution of the United Nations Security Council. In doing so, international law has been inconsiderately violated. The UN Charter has been breached and all the international conventions were misused, in order to, using the method of the “blitzkrieg” warfare during the course of several days, destroy the army of Yugoslavia and force the State leadership to accept imposed conditions from ultimatum dictated on the seeming negotiations in the French town of Rambouillet. That's why, at the beginning of the aggression, the focus of attacks was on military troops and facilities as well as vital facilities of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Serbia.

They were counting on assumption that in order to achieve their main goal, it will be enough to conduct fierce mass strikes over a few days, with overwhelming air superiority, long distance combat and actions, in combination with the terrorist action in Kosovo and Metohija. As the assumption proved wrong, because of determined military and people’s resistance to aggression, NATO refocused on paralyzing the entire system of the society, not separating the civilians from armed forces, cynically categorizing their casualties as "collateral damage". Under strike came production and other civilian facilities, power plants, bridges and railways, heating plants, hospitals and even schools and national television. This is how the NATO “campaign” turned into an overall punishment war, which overlooked the laws of armed conflict and allowed killing of civilians. Therefore, this exhibition mainly emphasizes those elements of NATO aggression, in which they also used illegal weapons, and even missiles whose penetration was increased by depleted uranium reinforcements.

For the NATO aggressors that was "limited" war, but for Yugoslavia, whose overall social and defense potentials were about 70 times smaller than the strength of the Alliance, it was an absolute or total war, because it engaged the full force and resources that were available, including exposure to blockades, pressures and economic conditioning, whose long-term consequences were reflected on all living conditions. As "interventions" like this one against Yugoslavia induce extension of crisis and cause simmering risks of new conflicts, their consequences are not easily visible, except the direct ones. This also applies to the consequences caused by the use of missiles with depleted uranium.

On the list of visible effects of NATO aggression are also all major cities of Serbia and Montenegro: Belgrade, Niš, Novi Sad, Priština, Leskovac, Užice, Podgorica, Sombor, Subotica, Herceg Novi, Pančevo, Valjevo, as well as Aleksinac, Surdulica, Nova Varoš… and dozens of smaller and larger towns.

During 78 days of aggression NATO performed around 2 300 air strikes at more than 1 000 locations across the country. NATO forces engaged more than 1 000 combat planes, launched over 400 000 missiles, with a combined weight of 22 000 tons. They used more than 1 300 cruise missiles of enormous destructive power. Although The Geneva Convention outlawed the use of cluster bombs, 37 000 of them were used against people on the ground. More than 200 civilians lost their lives of their effect. During the NATO aggression 462 soldiers were killed and more than 2 000 civilians, among whom 88 were children and dozens were elderly people and patients on treatment.